97 results

DEFINITION - Trends in biomass of tuna species
PURPOSE - Track the health of this important component of the ocean ecosystem
DESIRED OUTCOME - Stable biomass catch

DEFINITION - Fish biomass for inshore fish populations
PURPOSE - Indicates inshore fish population status and reef health
DESIRED OUTCOME - Stable level of biomass; or juvenile fish are not overrepresented in markets

DEFINITION - % of plastic in waste audits, including beach clean-ups
PURPOSE- Determine trends in marine plastic pollution from land and at-sea sources
DESIRED OUTCOME - Stable or declining trend in proportion of plastic in waste audits

Indicator 13 : Terrestrial Protected Areas

Indicator 14 : Marine Protected Areas

Indicator 15 : Protected Area Management Effectiveness

Indicator 16 : Key biodiversity areas protected

Indicator 17 : Governance and equity of protected areas

Indicator 18 : Integration of protected areas into wider land and seascapes

DEFINITION : Population abundance of identified species

PURPOSE : Tracks the status of populations of priority species over time

DESIRED OUTCOME : Stable or positive trend in population size

DEFINITIO : Number and types of species listed as threatened on the IUCN Red List and a summary of their threats

PURPOSE : Track the status of threatened species and understand the most important threats

DESIRED OUTCOME : Trend for species to be downgraded to lower threat levels or off the threatened species list

DEFINITION : Trend in consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS)

PURPOSE : Tracks countries progress to phasing out ODS. Ozone depleting substances destroy the earth’s ozone which protects the earth from UV radiation

DESIRED OUTCOME : Negative trend in ODS consumption

DEFINITION : Trend in percentage production of energy from renewable sources

PURPOSE : Energy generation is a major source of GHG emissions. Pacific island countries also have limited capacity for oil and gas storage and are therefore highly vulnerable to fluctuations in fossil fuel price and availability

DESIRED OUTCOME : Positive trend in energy production from renewable sources

DEFINITION : Annual per capita generation of municipal solid waste

PURPOSE : Accurate measurement of per capita waste generation for better waste management

DESIRED OUTCOME : Stabilisation and subsequent negative trend in household waste generated

DEFINITION : Quantity of generated hazardous wastes processed/treated (including export)

PURPOSE : Treatment and safe storage of hazardous waste mitigates the risk to humans and nature. Hazardous materials can have direct and indirect, chronic or acute impacts

DESIRED OUTCOME : Full treatment/processing of all hazardous waste generated

DEFINITION : % of households connected to central sewerage system

PURPOSE : Tracks progress in managing sewage in a way that minimises the risk of water contamination. Untreated sewage and leaking septic systems are a major source of ground and surface water contamination

DESIRED OUTCOME : Positive trend in % of households connected to central sewerage system

In this report, a set of recommendations is provided for each indicator to support the next best steps for management action that will advance progress towards the target outcome and support Pacific people and biodiversity.

 Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme

This policy applies to SPREP’s own data as well as data held by SPREP on behalf of government agencies and partners within the Pacific.

 Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme

The number of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and institutions has grown steadily over the last few decades. The work taking place under these agreements and within these institutions is increasing in volume and specificity, and it is having an increasingly substantive impact, particularly as there is an increasing focus on practical implementation.

This edition of the Multilateral Environmental Agreement Negotiator’s Handbook principally to respond to the need for a practical reference tool to assist in addressing the many complex challenges in such negotiations.

 Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme

This publication features fourteen (14) case studies from small island developing states from the Caribbean,
the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean. The stories range from conserving marine resources
and endangered species to initiatives in ecotourism, reforestation and network development.

This policy applies to SPREP’s own data as well as data held by SPREP on behalf of government agencies and partners within the Pacific.
The purpose of this policy is to:
• encourage the free exchange of data with other government agencies and partners within the Pacific and with the public in the Pacific and beyond
• promote the benefits of data sharing, and its links to good governance, accountability, public participation and the rule of law

The handbook is a joint publication of Environment Canada and the University of Joensuu – United Nations Environment Programme Course on International Environmental Law-making and Diplomacy. Environment Canada initiated this project and provided core contributions for the main text. UNEP generously provided the glossary, as well as expert advice on the handbook as a whole.